The beauty of a smile depends not only on the health of the teeth, but also on the condition of the gums. Therefore, it is important not to allow them to become inflamed or damaged. Inflammation of the gums is better called periodontitis.
If the inflammation is strong, it is not just about the gums. Because in addition to the gums themselves, the inflammation also affects the tissues of the tooth and bone. This is where all the danger of supposedly innocent gingivitis lies.
The main cause of gum disease is plaque, which is constantly formed in the mouth. With proper daily hygiene and regular professional cleaning by the dentist, soft bacterial plaque will not accumulate, turning into tartar. Therefore, oral hygiene is very important!
Among periodontal diseases the most common are:
Gingivitis is an inflammation of the gums that occurs due to the accumulation of plaque above and below the gum line. With gingivitis, the gums may bleed while brushing your teeth with a toothbrush and floss. But the damage is reversible, as the bone and connective tissue that hold the teeth are not yet affected.
Periodontitis is a disease in which damage to the bone and ligaments that hold the teeth in place becomes irreversible. Pockets may begin to form under the gingival margin, in which food debris and plaque accumulate. Appropriate treatment by a dentist and active care at home helps prevent further development of the process.
Periodontitis is a disease characterized by damage to the periodontium - a complex of tissues surrounding the tooth root. Has a non-inflammatory nature. It is relatively rare, in 1 - 8% of cases. Periodontitis is often confused with periodontitis - a pathology of inflammatory nature. Periodontitis is much more common than periodontitis.
There is no magic cure for periodontitis and periodontitis today, but this does not mean that you do not need to act. It is possible to stop and prevent the deterioration of the gums by joint efforts. By contacting our clinics, you increase your chances of speeding up the process and guaranteeing a better result.
Causes of gingivitis:
1. Mechanical irritation from the effects of solid and brittle food. This is an excess of crackers, chips, cereals, eaten dry.
2. Improper or untimely care of the oral cavity, which leads to the deposition of plaque and tartar, which causes inflammation of the gums and caries.
3. Also the reason promoting a gingivitis can be: smoking, hormonal changes which medicines can have the corresponding side effects
4. Individual features of the structure of the oral cavity that may contribute to inflammation, such as:
• malocclusion, which leads to uneven load on the periodontal tissues, as well as to the deterioration of self-cleaning of the oral cavity
• short bridles of the tongue and lips, which are powerful connective tissue strands that remove the gingival margin in the incisors
How to treat gingivitis?
First of all it is necessary to understand the reason. When you see a doctor, you will be selected for the necessary treatment. Remember that self-diagnosis and treatment can be harmful. As a result, you may lose precious time when the tooth could still be saved.
And be very attentive to the condition of the gums in children. After all, in childhood, the health of future teeth is laid. It is much easier to prevent a problem than to deal with it by exposing the child to additional stress.
The specialist of our clinic uses a comprehensive approach in the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal diseases: periodontal care, surgery, orthopedic treatment and, if necessary, the involvement of an orthodontist. Only by joint efforts it is possible to achieve effective treatment of such complex diseases as periodontitis, periodontitis and gingivitis.
If you have gingivitis, be sure to sign up for a consultation. Especially if you have not performed a preventive examination for more than 6 months.